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Fascism is therefore opposed to Socialism to which unity within the State (which amalgamates classes into a single economic and ethical reality) is unknown, and which sees in history nothing but the class struggle. True False User: Which of the following is not a characteristic of fundamentalism? different beliefs accepted stricter adherence to holy texts tendency toward more militant behavior truth known to very limited group Weegy: different beliefs accepted is not a characteristic of fundamentalism. [smile]

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All this was publicized by German refugees in Britain and the U. By aspiring to secularism, by sepa- rating the national idea from religion, we aim only to negate the supremacy of religion, but not to eliminate it from the storehouse of national cultural treasures. Their association in government with the League of Polish Families produced a political program based on the assumption that Catholic and national values should prevail over permissive liberalism on issues like abortion and gay rights,” according to Rupnik.

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Recognized by the Treaty of Versailles of 1919, Poland wasproclaimed in 1918 and became an independent republic. Critics acclaimed Mukhtar's "Nahdat Misr. For the unenfranchised working masses the only realistic prospect of introducingsocialism lay with political revolution. Despite or because of its contradictions, 'ideology' still plays a key role in semiotics oriented to social, political life." [33] Authors such as Michael Freeden have also recently incorporated a semantic analysis to the study of ideologies.

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The situation of the Yugoslav idea is worth mentioning, however, for by end of the first decade, Serbia had emerged as a politically active state working concertedly to construct a Greater Serbia, of which the Crown Jewel was the eviction of the Ottoman empire and the return of the spiritual symbol of Serbian statehood: Kosovo. At the same time the Italian conquest of Ethiopia and Germany's reoccupation of the Rhineland made war among the European powers seem imminent and underscored Britain's apparent weakness.

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It reinforces an underlying sharp ethnic distinction as well as a political and moral boundary. In a letter to Maxim Vinaver of July 30, 1922, however, he expressed contrary sentiments. And let us look at the words of someone who was actually in Germany in the 1930s and who thus saw Nazism close up. In all cases where fascism was successful, its rise was preceded by a period of political polarization and parliamentary deadlock. Tensions within the new rightNot all thinkers or politicians who subscribe to new right ideas hold both neoliberal andneoconservative views.

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An Introduction to the History of Modern Arabic Literature (Leiden. 1892-1941. Strictly speaking, racial origin is irrelevant to national identity, at least for inclusive forms of nationalism. But the most beautiful and complex of numbers are the transcendental numbers of e, i, and pi. As Christian pacifists, however, they contended that war is always evil, unredemptively destructive, and un-Christian. For example, liberals have oftenreached the conclusion that monarchy is a redundant institution in the modern world and shouldbe abolished.

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Since the late twentieth century liberalismhas also confronted the challenge of growing moral and cultural diversity in its westernhomeland, and of the rise of religious fundamentalism and other political creeds that take issuewith core liberal principles. Arab solidarity has been proven to be a chimera.15 The present writer has seen many a Palestinian listener nod in acquiescence upon hearing these stories and make remarks that denote finding in them the justification for the listener's own lack of sympathy for Kuwait at the time of her misfortune. due to the indifference of Arab haves to the fate of Arab have-nots. yet the locals have chosen to squander the riches He had bestowed and do not deign to share them with their less fortunate neighbors. leaving a bitter taste. according to the sacred formula "from the Gulf to the [Atlantic] Ocean." teach and where they are introduced to rock music and drugs. non-Arab) one. neither he nor Shaykh Kishk accept this antinomy as a justification for the Iran-Iraq war. "usually atheists.17 During the Gulf crisis. an encounter all the more disappointing as the discourse of the 1950s and 1960s. which was headed by that arch-enemy of Islam. as well as the hype of the post-1973 decade.org/book/jankowski/jank11." the "Arab peoples. for instance. it is an Arab sin that virtually all preachers choose to speak of: super-rich Arabs disdain and exploit fellow Arabs.

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Over the years numerous other authors such as Marcus Garvey, Henry McNeal Turner, and Henry Highland Garnet also contributed to the development of black nationalistic ideology. When someone interprets as derogatory almost anything that is said about him (or about groups with whom he identifies) we conclude that he has inferiority feelings or low self-esteem. Political ideologies regard policies of many different aspects of a society, the most central of which are: economy, education, criminal law, management of criminals, minors, animals, environment, immigration, eugenics, race, use of the military, forced nationalism, and forced religion.

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How do modernist ecologists criticise deep ecologists? It is no longer confused with abstract cosmopolitanism, but approximates the concept of univer- salism as developed above.. ., 15 Those who fight for class emanci- pation can now join with the fighters for national liberation in a common effort to realize this ideal of internationalism in an associa- tion of autonomous national groups with equal rights. The threats of assimilation and coercion were to further isolate minorities from the centre as elites who had previously held brokerage positions between liege and region were now being cut off from centralist decision making processes (Deutsch 1969b; Gellner 1977, 1983b; Polèse 1985).

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All parties and the labor unions were collaborating directly in the control and responsibilities of the conduct of the war. We claim that there is a bridge leading from the downfall of the old regime to the erection of the new regime erected on the ashes and the ruins of the old regime. In this portion of the song Brown acknowledges the manner in which African Americans have been persecuted and rejected in America as a result of their race. As a tool of socialand political analysis, postmodernism highlights the shift away from societies structured byindustrialization and class solidarity to increasingly fragmented and pluralistic ‘information’societies, in which individuals are transformed from producers to consumers, and individualismreplaces class, religious and ethnic loyalties.

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